Cricket (engl. [ˈkɹɪkɪt]; in Deutschland amtlich Kricket, in den Anfängen auch „Thorball“) ist ein Schlagballspiel mit zwei Mannschaften. Dabei dreht sich alles. Informationen zum Deutschen Cricket Bund, den Nationalmannschaften und Meisterschaften. Cricket gehört zu den Ballsportarten, genauer gesagt zu den Schlagballspielen. Zwei Mannschaften treten in einer Kombination aus Schlagen, Fangen und.
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Beispielsweise Finnland, die erste Einzahlung Quick Pick Slot Machine gar nicht hoch, der Betrag wird Ihnen dann von Ihrer Handy, sondern Boxkampf Heute Ergebnis aus Schleswig-Holstein lizenziert sind. - BeschreibungHauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Six Ein hoch über Hotspurs Deutsch Boundary geschlagener Ball, der sechs Runs zählt. Noteworthy features: Universal App - This is the first truly universal iOS app from a major cricket site. Results of recently completed matches - in case you missed Einwohnermeldeamt Bad LauchstГ¤dt match. Cricket is an English national sport.
London: Rough Guides. Harte, Chris A History of Australian Cricket. London: Andre Deutsch. Haygarth, Arthur London: Frederick Lillywhite.
Major, John More Than A Game. London: HarperCollins. McCann, Tim Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Lewes: Sussex Record Society.
Nyren, John [First published ]. Ashley Mote ed. The Cricketers of my Time. London: Robson Books.
Underdown, David Start of Play. London: Allen Lane. Webber, Roy The Phoenix History of Cricket. London: Phoenix House Ltd. Williams, Charles Cricket at Wikipedia's sister projects.
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Download as PDF Printable version. Team sport , Bat-and-Ball. Cricket field. Glossary of cricket terms. Worldwide most popular in Commonwealth , British territories , and especially in South Asia.
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New Zealand. Pakistan Cricket Board. South Africa. Sri Lanka. West Indies. The singing species have good hearing, via the tympana on the tibiae of the front legs.
Crickets often appear as characters in literature. They are kept as pets in countries from China to Europe, sometimes for cricket fighting.
Crickets are efficient at converting their food into body mass , making them a candidate for food production.
They are used as human food in Southeast Asia, where they are sold deep-fried in markets as snacks. They are also used to feed carnivorous pets and zoo animals.
In Brazilian folklore, crickets feature as omens of various events. Crickets are small to medium-sized insects with mostly cylindrical, somewhat vertically flattened bodies.
The head is spherical with long slender antennae arising from cone-shaped scapes first segments and just behind these are two large compound eyes.
On the forehead are three ocelli simple eyes. The pronotum first thoracic segment is trapezoidal in shape, robust, and well- sclerotinized.
It is smooth and has neither dorsal nor lateral keels ridges. At the tip of the abdomen is a pair of long cerci paired appendages on rearmost segment , and in females, the ovipositor is cylindrical, long and narrow, smooth and shiny.
The femora third segments of the back pair of legs are greatly enlarged for jumping. The tibiae fourth segments of the hind legs are armed with a number of moveable spurs, the arrangement of which is characteristic of each species.
The tibiae of the front legs bear one or more tympani which are used for the reception of sound. The wings lie flat on the body and are very variable in size between species, being reduced in size in some crickets and missing in others.
The fore wings are elytra made of tough chitin , acting as a protective shield for the soft parts of the body and in males, bear the stridulatory organs for the production of sound.
The hind pair is membranous, folding fan-wise under the fore wings. In many species, the wings are not adapted for flight. The tree crickets Oecanthinae are delicate white or pale green insects with transparent fore wings, while the field crickets Gryllinae are robust brown or black insects.
They have colonised many large and small islands, sometimes flying over the sea to reach these locations, or perhaps conveyed on floating timber or by human activity.
The greatest diversity occurs in tropical locations, such as in Malaysia, where 88 species were heard chirping from a single location near Kuala Lumpur.
A greater number than this could have been present because some species are mute. Crickets are found in many habitats.
Members of several subfamilies are found in the upper tree canopy , in bushes, and among grasses and herbs. They also occur on the ground and in caves, and some are subterranean, excavating shallow or deep burrows.
Some make home in rotting wood, and certain beach-dwelling species can run and jump over the surface of water. Crickets are relatively defenceless, soft-bodied insects.
Most species are nocturnal and spend the day hidden in cracks, under bark, inside curling leaves, under stones or fallen logs, in leaf litter, or in the cracks in the ground that develop in dry weather.
Some excavate their own shallow holes in rotting wood or underground and fold in their antennae to conceal their presence.
Some of these burrows are temporary shelters, used for a single day, but others serve as more permanent residences and places for mating and laying eggs.
Crickets burrow by loosening the soil with the mandibles and then carrying it with the limbs, flicking it backwards with the hind legs or pushing it with the head.
Other defensive strategies are the use of camouflage , fleeing, and aggression. Some species have adopted colourings, shapes, and patterns that make it difficult for predators that hunt by sight to detect them.
They tend to be dull shades of brown, grey, and green that blend into their background, and desert species tend to be pale. Some species can fly, but the mode of flight tends to be clumsy, so the most usual response to danger is to scuttle away to find a hiding place.
Most male crickets make a loud chirping sound by stridulation scraping two specially textured wings together.
The stridulatory organ is located on the tegmen , or fore wing, which is leathery in texture. A large vein runs along the centre of each tegmen, with comb-like serrations on its edge forming a file-like structure, and at the rear edge of the tegmen is a scraper.
The tegmina are held at an angle to the body and rhythmically raised and lowered which causes the scraper on one wing to rasp on the file on the other.
The central part of the tegmen contains the "harp", an area of thick, sclerotinized membrane which resonates and amplifies the volume of sound, as does the pocket of air between the tegmina and the body wall.
Most female crickets lack the necessary adaptations to stridulate, so make no sound. Several types of cricket songs are in the repertoire of some species.
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